Vostro Account: Definition, Purpose, Services, and Example

Banks typically collaborate with third parties to facilitate transactions like these. These banks are nothing like deposit accounts, and they require that deposit accounts be kept in the same currency as a bank. As mentioned, nostro accounts and vostro accounts are essentially two sides of the same coin. A nostro account and a vostro account are the same accounts but you use different terminology to describe who owns the money that’s held in it. “Nostro” and “Vostro” are two different terms used to describe the same bank account.

  1. By holding funds in another bank in a foreign currency, the bank can conduct international trade transactions and foreign exchange without having to convert its local currency into foreign currency.
  2. If a country’s currency is not convertible, meaning it cannot be easily bought and sold on the foreign exchange market, then you may not be able to open a nostro account there.
  3. Banks generally don’t hold nostro accounts in those countries, as there is little or no foreign exchange business.
  4. That said, nostro accounts also play a role in cross-border payments, international settlements, currency conversion, risk management, and interbank transactions.
  5. Nostro accounts hold their balances in a foreign currency, that of the other country where the bank’s nostro account is based.

Conversely, a vostro account with a credit balance (i.e. a deposit) is a liability, and a vostro with a debit balance (a loan) is an asset. Thus in many banks a credit entry on an account (“CR”) is regarded as negative movement, and a debit (“DR”) is positive – the reverse of usual commercial accounting conventions. GTBank, a Nigerian bank, gets a lot of money sent to its customers at home from the United States in the form of remittances. Since GTBank does not have a physical presence in the United States, it enters into an agreement with Citibank where the latter has an account remotely opened for GTBank in U.S. dollars.

Are There Fees Charged for Nostro Accounts?

From GTBank’s perspective, its U.S. dollar account with Citibank is a Nostro account. From Citibank’s perspective, it is holding a Vostro account for GTBank in U.S. dollars. Nostro and Vostro are variations on the Latin words that mean “ours” and “yours,” respectively. The ledger kept by the depositing customer called it a Nostro ledger; the bank kept the corresponding Vostro ledger. Before the adoption of the euro as the primary currency of the European Union, banks needed to hold Nostro accounts in all countries in the eurozone.

Blockchain and DLT offer a secure and transparent ledger to record and verify foreign currency transactions. Leveraging blockchain and DLT can significantly lower the foreign currency processing time and cost by providing real-time settlement and removing the need for intermediaries. In this case, ICICI Bank provides various services to Bank of America, such as processing transactions, providing credit facilities, and managing the account.

Nostro account Examples

We do not manage client funds or hold custody of assets, we help users connect with relevant financial advisors. Upgrading to a paid membership gives you access to our extensive collection of plug-and-play Templates designed to power your performance—as well as CFI’s full course catalog and accredited Certification Programs. J.B. Maverick is an active trader, commodity futures broker, and stock market analyst 17+ years of experience, in addition to 10+ years of experience as a finance writer and book editor. https://1investing.in/ A customer in Gurgaon is suing Zomato over their ‘Legends’ policy, claiming that the promised food from distant cities is not actually being transported from there. The central bank’s move has come in the wake of increasing pressure on the Indian currency in the wake of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine and sanctions by the US and the EU. The account opened by the Indian bank in the US will be a Nostro account for the Indian bank, while for the US bank, the account will be considered a Vostro account.

Vostro accounts facilitate a range of transactions including fund transfers, foreign currency exchanges, trade settlements, payment processing, and collection of local currency funds on behalf of the respondent bank’s customers. NOSTRO Accounts is the account kept in foreign currency held by one bank with another bank. The term Nostro is derived from latin word that means “ours” i.e., our account on your books. It is used for settlement of transactions which involves foreign currency dealings.

Q9. What is the purpose of a NOSTRO account?

In fact, GlobalBanks IQ even helps non-resident, foreign & offshore entities open bank accounts. This article is part of our series on banking basics, ranging from opening different types of bank accounts around the world to understanding how various aspects of the banking system operate. The facilitator bank will open a euro account, but the account will be different from the typical checking account for residents of the eurozone. The account holder will have the ability to buy or sell in the eurozone using the euro currency. The ongoing efforts to improve international remittance transfers have also garnered the attention of leaders from major economies, international financial institutions (IFIs), and standard-setting bodies (SSBs). Notably, a specific category of banks can process these payments, known as AD-1 banks.

These accounts act as liquidity buffers, ensuring banks have sufficient foreign currency to process international transactions efficiently. NOSTRO accounts, often integrated with the SWIFT messaging system, enable real-time or near-real-time settlement of these transactions. AD-1 banks provide a NOSTRO account service denominated in various foreign currencies.

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For example, you may be asked to provide two forms of government ID, such as a driver’s license or passport. You may also need to provide financial statements if you’re establishing a nostro account for business purposes or proof of income if you’re opening one for personal use. On the other hand, a Vostro account is a reference used by Bank B, which holds Bank A’s funds. From Bank A’s perspective, a Nostro account is denominated in foreign currencies, whereas a Vostro account is denominated in the home currency. Nostro accounts are mostly commonly used for currency settlement, where a bank or other financial institution needs to hold balances in a currency other than its home accounting unit.

So, for example, a bank in the United Kingdom that does business in Japan might open a nostro account and deposit money into it. But instead of holding those funds in pounds sterling, the money is held in the local currency, i.e., Japanese yen, instead. Nostro account stands for a bank account that is opened with a bank on behalf of another bank in a foreign country. These accounts are an important tool used in order to facilitate international banking, international trade transactions, and foreign exchange. From the perspective of domestic banks, the funds deposited at correspondent banks are referred to as nostro accounts. A Nostro account is a reference that Bank A uses to refer to its account that is on deposit in Bank B, in the local currency of the country where Bank B is located.

In some cases, the facilitator bank may not be a primary clearing member but they will have the ability to make payments in local currency, possibly through another bank in the same country. The nostro account is a way of keeping track of how much of the bank’s money is being held by the other bank. This is similar to an individual keeping a detailed record of every payment in and out of his or her bank account so that she/he knows the balance at any point in time.

But, naturally, these records are not opened in countries on the little rundown or where there is a negligible measure of foreign trade exchanges. Banks in the United Kingdom vostro and nostro account or the United States often hold a Vostro account on behalf of a foreign bank. The Vostro account is held in the currency of the country where the money is on deposit.

Enhanced regulatory frameworks, aimed at promoting innovation and transparency, are also on the horizon. Geographic reach significantly impacts the speed of foreign currency processing in international banking. Variations in time zones, specific payment timings, and using batch processing introduce delays. Banks operate within their local time zones, which can lead to misaligned working hours.

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